Church Road, Romford, Essex, RM3 0SH


Harold Court Primary School

Phonics at Harold Court

What is Phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to:

  • recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as /sh/ or /oo/; and
  • blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. It is particularly helpful for children aged 5 to 7. Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.

At Harold Court children learn phonics throughout Early Years and Key Stage  and is taught in accordance with the National Curriculum using Letters and Sounds and RML strategies. We also use a range of actions to help the children remember the sounds when segmenting and blending. Please press the links to see the actions and each phase. 

Phonic Actions

Phase 2 Letters and Sounds

Phase 3 Letters and Sounds

Phase 4 Tricky Words

Phase 5 Letters and Sounds

Phonics is taught daily, in short sessions so that children build up and practise the skills they need to use in reading and writing. Practising the sounds correctly is really important!

How to pronounce the phonic sounds

Below are some videos of our children demonstrating the different sounds and actions.


Phonics Phase 2


Phonics Phase 3



Phonics Phase 5

                What is the Phonics Screening Check?

The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge.

It helps the school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress.

Year 1 Phonics Screening Check will be administered during week beginning 8th June 2020


What are ‘non/pseudo-words’?

The check will contain a mix of real words and ‘non-words’ or ‘pseudo-words’ (or ‘nonsense/alien words’). Children will be told before the check that there will be non-words that he or she will not have seen before. Many children will be familiar with this because many schools already use ‘non-words’ when they teach phonics. Non-words are important to include because words such as ‘vap’ or ‘jound’ are new to all children. Children cannot read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary; they have to use their decoding skills. This is a fair way to assess their ability to decode.

 After the check

The school will tell you about your child’s progress in phonics and how he or she has done in the screening check in the last half-term of Year 1 with their end of year school report. 

If your child has found the check difficult, your child’s school should also tell you what support they have put in place to help him or her improve. You might like to ask how you can support your child to take the next step in reading.

Children who have not met the standard in Year 1 will retake the check in Year 2. All children are individuals and develop at different rates. The screening check ensures that teachers understand which children need extra help with phonic decoding

Previous Phonic Screening Resources 

Phonics Check 2013

Phonics Check 2014

Phonics Check 2015

Phonics Check 2016

Useful Websites




Phonics Play

Phonic Songs

Mr Thorne Does Phonics